Adderall is a chiral compound. The racemic mixture can be divided into its optical antipodes: levo- and dextro-Adderall. Adderall is the parent compound of its own structural class, comprising a broad range of psychoactive derivatives, e.g., MDMA (Ecstasy) and the N-methylated form, methadderall. Adderall is a homolog of phenethylamine.
Adderall and dextroadderall, non-catecholamine sympathomimetic agents, are used in combination to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or narcolepsy. Adderall consists of equivalent amounts of Adderall aspartate, Adderall sulfate, dextroadderall saccharate, and dextroadderall sulfate.
LD50=180 mg/kg(subcutaneous injection in rat). The most common presenting symptoms seen are agitation, hallucinations, suicidal behavior, and chest pain.